Sodium hypochlorite is some kind of inorganic compound of sodium salt and hypochlorous acid. Sodium hypochlorite as unstable colourless crystal substance looks, and it is rather well dissolved in water.
Aqueous solution sodium hypochlorite is strong oxidizer which has powerful bactericidal activity, characteristic pungent smell and also possesses high corrosion behavior. Long since aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite was called "labarakovy water" or "javel water". It is possible to receive sodium hypochlorite solution in the factory way, for this purpose absorb chlorine caustic liquor. There are industries where solutions of sodium hypochlorite are considered as waste products.
Chemical formula of sodium hypochlorite - NaOCl. Based on technical specifications let out sodium hypochlorite of three brands: "And", "B" and "In" which differ from each other not only the content of active chlorine, but also and residual alkalinity and to appearance.
It should be noted that sodium hypochlorite is used as industrial and household bleach and disinfectant. Also it is used as means for cleaning and disinfecting of water. In addition sodium hypochlorite is applied as the bactericidal and sterilizing means in medicine, agriculture and the food industry. The range of use of this substance can be broken into 3 conditional groups is application:
· for the household purposes;
· for the industrial purposes;
· in medicine.