Flowing and falling water have potential
energy. Hydropower comes
from converting energy in flowing water by means of a water wheel
or through a turbine into useful mechanical power. This power is
converted into electricity using an electric generator or is used
directly to run milling
Hydropower technology has been with us for more than a century. Many early mills, mines and towns built some form of power generation from small hydropower systems in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Micro-hydropower systems are relatively small power sources that are appropriate in most cases for individual users or groups of users who are independent of the electricity supply grid. Hydropower systems are classified as large, medium, small, mini and micro according to their installed power generation capacity.