The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization, after Harappa, the first of its sites to be excavated in the 1920s, in what was then the Punjab province of British India, and now is Pakistan.The discovery of Harappa, and soon afterwards, Mohenjo-Daro, was the culmination of work beginning in 1861 with the founding of the Archaeological survey of India in the British Raj. Excavation of Harappan sites has been ongoing since 1920, with important breakthroughs occurring as recently as 1999. There were earlier and later cultures, often called Early Harappan and Late Harappan, in the same area of the Harappan Civilization. The Harappan civilization is sometimes called the Mature Harappan culture to distinguish it from these cultures. Until 1999, over 1,056 cities and settlements had been found, of which 96 have been excavated, mainly in the general region of the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra Rivers and their tributaries. Among the settlements were the major urban centres of Harappa, Meonjodaro (UNESCO world Heritage Site, Dholavira, Ganeriwala in Cholistan and Rakhigarhi.
The Harappan language is not directly attested and its affiliation is uncertain since the Indus script is still undeciphered. A relationship with the Dravidian or Elamo-Dravidian language family is favored by a section of scholars.
Day 01: Arrival at Karachi International airport after welcome reception by the team of Active Tours Pakistan you will be transferred to hotel along with your luggage. Free time for relax/rest after taking long flight to Pakistan. There will be an option for half day city tour for those who wish to have tour of Karachi the biggest commercial & metropolitan city of Pakistan. Tour will include, mausoleum of found of Pakistan (Mohammad Ali Jinah), clifton beach, local markets likely impress & zainab markets. Fish harbor. O/N stay at hotel.
Day 02: Morning we will take domestic flight to Mohenjodaro, visit Mohenjo-Daro for a full day tour. Mohanjo-Daro is in UNESCO World Heritage List. It was one of the most important cities of Indus Civilization along with Harappa. According the excavations which firstly started in 1922, the city had perfect system of agriculture, dealt with trade interactions with other civilizations. They built their buildings using baked brick. They were interested in beautiful arts as well. We will have information about the lifestyle of Mohanjo-Daro public. Water pipes and channels is a sign of their excellance in engineering. Lunch will be taken in the restaurant in Mohanjo-Daro. After the visit drive to Sukkur for accommodation. Dinner at hotel.
Day 03: Following the breaksfast we drive to Khairpur, which was once the capital of Upper Sindh. We will visit Faiz Mahal which was residence of Tulpur Dynasty. There we will see lots of valuable things in this palace which reflects the architectural features of the area. After the visit we will pass to Punjab. While driving to Bahawulpur, we will stop at Bhong to see the magnificent Bhong Mosque which was constructed in 50 years. This mosque was awarded Aga Khan Architecture Award in 1986. Later on, visit to Uch Sharif which was founded by Alexander the Great. Despite being a small town right now, it was once the centre of Uch Kingdom. It was the political and cultural centre as well, along with its sister city Multan. There are important monuments from Muslim reign. The most important of those are the tombs with their stunning appearance. We will visit the tombs of Bibi Jawindi, Baha el-Halim, Sheikh Seyfeddin Gazroni and Jalaluddin Bukhari. After visiting Uch Sharif, drive to Bahawulpur for accommodation. Dinner at hotel. ]
Day 04: Following the breakfast, start of the tour in Multan. Multan is in such a strategic point of trade ways. It’s an important industry city dating back 2000 years ago. City is famous with its shrines. The most famous of these are the shrines of Bahaddin Zakariya, Shems Tebriz and Sheikh Rukneddin. We will visit these 3 shrines and then we will have free time in Hussein Agahi Bazaar till lunch time. After the lunch, drive towards Lahore. After a journey of 2 hours, we will visit Harappa which is on our way. We will have information about the social life, economical system and writings of Harappa. After visiting Harappa, drive to Lahore for accommodation. Dinner at hotel.
Day 05: Following the breakfast full day tour in the cultural capital of Pakistan, Lahore. First destination is old Lahore city which was walled during Mughal Empire reign. Lahore Fort is our first visit. The fort is in Unesco World Heritage List along with Shalimar Gardens. We visit the the fort and its places available in and around it ( Please give me detailed info about where we will see in the fort and how much it will take ) After visiting the fort, we will see Badshai Mosque, the 2nd biggest mosque of Pakistan and 5th biggest mosque in the world. In its architecture Islamic, Persian, Central Asia and Hindu features can be recognized. Later, visit to Iqbal Park and see Minar-e-Pakistan which was erected in honour of the date 23 March 1940 when the independence Pakistan idea was declared officially for the first time after the meeting in the park. Lunch time after the visits. Later, visit Wezir Khan Mosque. The mosque is construsted by Shah Jahan’s Prime Minister İlumiddin Ensari. After the visit, continue with Lahore Museum. We will have the possibility of seeing Budhist sculpture of Ghandara art and manuscripts, miniatures, rugs from Islam period. After the museum visit, we will walk in the Anarkali Bazaar and will listen the story of Anarkali. The bazaar has been active for 200 years. After the free time in Bazaar, visit Shalimar Gardens. After the visits, transfer to the hotel. Dinner at hotel.
Day 06: Following the breakfast check-out from the hotel. First destination is Rohtas Fort which is in UNESCO World Heritage List. The fort is built by Sher Shah Suri in purpose of defending the city against Mughals. The fort is still intact. It reflects the early Islamic architecture. After the visit, drive Islamabad. Lunch in Islamabad. Hlaf day Islamabad tour after the lunch, including Islamabad National Art Gallery and Lok Virsa Public Museum where we will have information about local culture. After the museum visits, visit Faisal Mosque whose architect was a Turkish architect, Vedat Dalokay. The construction of the mosque is financed by Arabic king Faisal, that’s why his name was given to the mosque in honour of him. Islamabad is very young and modern city. When Pakistan was founded, the capital was Karachi which was more difficult to defend. Following the visits, transfer to the hotel. Dinner at hotel.
Day 07: Following the breakfast, drive to Taxila. It’s an important city of Budhism period and is in UNESCO Wold Heritage List. After seeing the ruins, visit Taxila Museum. Lunch in Rawalpindi. After the lunch, free time in bazaars of Rawalpindi. Later on, drive up to Shakarpara Hill before sunset and watch twin cities Islamabad and Rawalpindi birdwathcing. On the hill we will see Pakistan Monument, the garden in which Pakistani and allied countries’ politicians erected trees, a view of Rawal Lake and many fountains. After the visit, return to Islamabad city centre and transfer to the local restaurant where we will have our farewell dinner. After the dinner, transfer to the hotel.
From peace and serenity of Southern Pakistan to the hustle and bustles of "modern" trends, you say Khuda Hafiz, the typical farewell, as you depart after a tour into Shangri-La.
End of the tour.
Day 08: Transfer to Islamabad International Airport at 02.30 a.m. Flight at 04.35 a.m.