Externally, pine nuts are small grains of a light yellow hue, enclosed in a hard brown shell. The grains have a pleasant creamy nutty taste and a pleasant coniferous aroma. The kernels have an oily texture, as the pine nut contains a lot of fatty acids.
Pine nut composition:
The calorie content of pine nuts is, on average, 650 Kcal per 100 grams of product.
The kernel of pine nuts is about 17% composed of an easily digestible protein, which contains 19 amino acids. All of these amino acids are essential or conditionally essential. And lysine, methionine and tryptophan, the content of which in the protein of pine nuts is increased, are completely deficient amino acids, which determine the biological value of the protein.
The kernel of a pine nut contains up to 70% of all three types of fatty acids (saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated). Moreover, these acids are contained in an ideal ratio, which makes pine nut oil practically the most useful of all vegetable oils.
Pine nut contains about 10% carbohydrates, simple and complex, necessary for the proper functioning of the body (glucose, sucrose, fructose, fiber and starch).
The composition of pine nuts includes a huge variety of micro and macro elements, which almost completely covers the body's need for them and is perfectly absorbed by them. These are calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, iron, manganese, copper, zinc, molybdenum, silicon, aluminum, iodine, boron, nickel, cobalt, strontium, silver, sulfur, tin, barium, vanadium.
Pine nuts contain vitamins A, C, E (tocopherol), K, F, as well as vitamins of group B. Like minerals, vitamins in pine nuts are well absorbed by the body.
It is used in cosmetology, cooking, and medicine.
- For growth and development
- For the nervous system
- For the cardiovascular system
- For blood quality
- For the brain.
- For sight
- For tissue repair
- For skin
- For joints and bones
- For muscles
- For metabolism
- For the digestive system
- For hormonal balance
- For men's health
- For weight loss
Storage rules and shelf life.
Unpeeled pine nuts (in shell
It is recommended to store the inshell nuts in a cool and dry place. In addition, such a place should be dark, since the oil contained in the nuts decomposes under the influence of sunlight, and the nuts acquire a rancid taste.
For storing unpeeled nuts, special polymer bags are recommended, the surface of which is the smallest membranes that allow a minimum of air to pass through, but prevent moisture penetration. If such packaging is not available, canvas, canvas (or similar fabric) bags will also work well. In such conditions, the inshell nut can be stored for up to two years.
Peeled pine nut
Pine nut kernels are best stored in a glass container or jar with a lid. The lid should not be tightened all the way so that the nuts do not suffocate, but at the same time they do not become saturated with foreign odors. The lid can be replaced with a piece of cloth by tying it tightly around the neck of the can. The shelf life of nuts in this form does not exceed three months.
The refrigerator is ideal for storing both shelled and in - shell pine nuts.
The freezer will approximately double the storage period. To do this, place the kernel of a pine nut in a plastic bag for freezing food, seal or tie it tightly. But! It should be borne in mind that thawed pine nut kernels are no longer so tasty raw. For example, they can be used in dishes as an original filler and flavor enhancer.