Juniper of virginskiya of Juniperus virginiana Hetz bonsai 120-140 C230
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- Country of manufacturePoland
Juniper virginsky Juniperus virginiana 'Hetz' bonsai 120-140 C230
Botanical name: juniper of virginskiya.
Homeland of juniper virginsky: USA, Canada.
Lighting: it is photophilous, transfers small shading.
Soil: to fertility it is not exacting, prefers fresh sandy, clay and loamy substrates.
Watering: it is drought-resistant, additional watering is not required (except for overhead irrigation during the dry seasons).
Maximum height of tree: 30 m.
Average life expectancy of tree: 500 years.
Landing: seeds, shanks, inoculation.
Juniper of virginskiya or virginskiya (Latin Juniperus virginiana) - evergreen, mainly monecious species of plants of the sort Juniper of Family Cypress. Natural area of dwelling - from Canada to Florida. Mainly, grows on rocky sites along the ocean coast, meets in the moor-land less often.
Galberries, dark blue with gray raid, have spherical shape, grow ripe in the fall of the first year. On trees fruits remain long, do not fall down up to approach of subzero temperatures. Root system rod, with strongly developed lateral branching.
The powerful trunk is covered exfoliating dark-brown, red-brown, more rare with gray bark. Wood rather strong, with long transverse fissures, is steady against rotting. In the homeland make pencils of Juniperus virginiana wood for what in the people this plant is called "pencil tree". From needles extract the essential oil similar to cedar.
The first cultivars of juniper virginsky in the USA and Canada were removed in the middle of the 17th century, to Russia were delivered in the first quarter of the 19th century. The most rare grades are represented in collections of Botanical institute and Timber college. On decorative effect of Juniperus virginiana does not concede to other representatives of sort, however by 40 years the lower branches die off, and decorative qualities of trees are lost.
Landing and care of juniper virginsky
In the nature the juniper of virginskiya breeds seeds which, getting to the earth in the spring, give the first escapes in year. Cultivars make multiple copies shanks, especially rare forms - inoculation. Without additional processing about 50% of shanks get accustomed. Using excitants, it is possible to achieve 80% rooting.
At the choice of the place for landing of juniper virginsky it is necessary to remember that as well as the majority of plants of sort juniper, this look does not transfer stagnation of water therefore sites for disembarkation should be chosen dry, well trained, it is desirable, solar. Despite svetolyubivost, trees can grow and in the shaded territories, however, their growth in this case is slowed down, and the needles lose the saturated shade. In the nature these plants grow in the rocky district, possess the increased drought resistance therefore and in cultural landings it is necessary to avoid excess remoistening of the soil. As well as any xerothyte, juniper of virginskiya transfers drought, than excess of moisture much easier. Reacts to overhead irrigation positively, growth of draws in this case accelerates. To soil fertility it is not exacting, prefers fresh sandy, clay and loamy substrates, easily adapts to city tekhnozema.
As plants of this look have rod root system with the developed lateral branching, at change of juniper virginsky it is necessary to dig out sapling with big lump of the earth and together with it to transfer to other site. Saplings with open roots should be replaced only in wet, dull weather, in the spring or in the fall, previously having processed korneobrazovaniye stimulators. The root neck is not recommended to be buried as the plant in this case will not receive enough oxygen and can die.
Landing and care of juniper virginsky assume regular superficial loosening (after weeding and watering) and mulching of the soil. Especially it is actual for young plants. Resorting to such agrotechnical receptions, it is possible to keep soil moisture and to provide aeration of roots. After landing the soil surface around saplings needs to be covered with peat, spill, pine bark or other air-permeable material. Fertilizers should be introduced at starting stage of the vegetative period (since the beginning of April on the beginning of May). Effective use of top-dressing of "Kemira-universal" (at the rate of 20 g on 10 liters of water) or nitroammofoska (at the rate of 30-40 g on one square meter of the area).
At reproduction of juniper virginsky propagation by cutting the planting stock is taken at the end of spring, it is obligatory with "heel" (the remains of bark of adult plant). Land shanks in the substrate consisting of sand and peat in the ratio one to one. Then saplings need to be sprayed and closed film to prevent excessive evaporation. There was no rooting yet (within one-two months), virginsky daily leaving - airing and spraying is necessary for shanks of juniper. In two-three years young trees can be replaced to the constant place.