- Country of manufactureBulgaria
Use of ammonium carbonate instead of yeast in bread baking and the confectionery industry is based on the decomposition process connected with fuming (food dobavkaye503). Receive ammonium carbonate interaction of gaseous NH3, CO2 and H2O at rapid cooling of reaction products. The technical product contains along with.
Ammonium carbonate is applied to receiving ammonium sulfate from gypsum on reaction
At the same time ammonium carbonate can be entered in the form of solution (liquid process of conversion), instead of ammonium carbonate it is possible to enter gaseous NH3 and CO2 (gas process of conversion), and also it is possible to enter gaseous NH3 and CO2 in addition to solution (NH4)2CO3 in number of 10-15% of stoichiometrical quantity counting on CaSO4 (gas-liquid process of conversion). In the latter case at dissolution of gases the additional warmth necessary for reaction course is distinguished. Ammonium carbonate can be considered as source carbonate ions and in the long term can be applied, for example, to sedimentation of salts of magnesium for its separation from potassium salts. At extraction of potassium from sea water of salt of potassium are allocated together with salts of magnesium and cannot be cleared of it by recrystallization. At ammonium carbonate addition magnesium drops out in deposit in the form of carbonate, in solution there are generally potassium chloride and ammonium chloride which can be divided afterwards (recrystallization or sublimation), or not to be divided, and to be used as nitrogen-potash fertilizer. Also ammonium carbonate is applied:
- in medicines (cough syrups, salammoniac, etc.);
- as the fermentation accelerator by production of wine;
- as component of fire extinguishing structures
- in cosmetics as dyes